Ancient Hawaiian Aquaculture, Wikipedia

The Hawaiian people practiced aquaculture through development of fish ponds (Hawaiian: loko iʻa), the most advanced fish husbandry among the original peoples of the Pacific. These fishponds were typically shallow areas of a reef flat surrounded by a low lava rock wall (loko kuapa) built out from the shore. Several species of edible fish (such as mullet) thrive in such ponds, and Hawaiians developed methods to make them easy to catch.

The Hawaiian fishpond was primarily a grazing area in which the fishpond keeper cultivated algae; much in the way a cattle rancher cultivates grass for his cattle.[1]The porous lava walls let in seawater (or sometimes fresh or brackish water, as in the case of the “Menehune” fishpond near Līhuʻe, Kauaʻi), but prevent the fish from escaping. Fishponds were located next to the mouth of a stream, so by opening a sluice gate the pondkeeper provided the fish with water rich in nutrients that had passed through inland, terraced pondfields and returned to the stream.[1]

Several fishponds have been restored in recent years. Although fishponds were developed on most islands, the largest number were found in Keʻehi Lagoon, Pearl Harbor, and Kāneʻohe Bay on Oʻahu, and along nearly the entire south shore of Molokaʻi. Few remain today, although Molokaʻi offers the best opportunities to view a Hawaiian loko.

Three different styles of fish ponds are being reconstructed at the Kaloko-Honokōhau National Historical Park on the Big Island of Hawaiʻi. The non-profit ʻAoʻao O Na Loko Iʻa O Maui is restoring Kalepolepo Fishpond also known as Koʻieʻi.e. in Kīhei using a mixture of volunteers and skilled stonemasons.


First blog post


MA’ANA stands for Maoli Aquaculture and Agriculture Native Assistance, we started this blog to educate people on the importance, by saving the fishponds (loko i’a) and taro patches (lo’i), our ancestors built from their hands, to feed their communities for over 2000 years, built a system that was flawless until the first western contact. The Hawaiian people lived in harmony and cared for each other, making everyone around them family (Ohana).

Since then, by changing our life style that we inherited by God (Io), lost our language, our culture and the traditions. lost the beautiful landscape of our islands.  During the first contact by the Polynesians, they destroyed our ways of living and took away by force, our true religion because of the new gods that was brought by a man name Pa’oa 1600 hundred years ago.  This was to divide and conquer our people and put division on our lands.  Since then, the westerners claimed to discover Hawaii and brought with them, a new religion that speak of this one God we once knew and got enough of our attention for us to turn to and worship.  With the new comers, brought with them diseases and a new way of living, their diseases wiped out 90% of our Hawaiian population in the early 1800’s.  Today. our numbers are growing and slowly regaining our language, culture and traditions.  Thanks to the knowledge that was kept, is now teaching our children the ways we once lived and practiced.

Today, we want to bring back the fishponds and taro patches, we found that the imports being brought into Hawaii is killing us, causing illnesses to our bodies.  The aboriginal people of Hawaii have the highest case of diabetes, high blood pressure, heart disease and obesity.  Rebuilding our fishponds and taro patches which produces the natural foods that we once ate, will bring back good health for all people.  We need to heal the lands that will heal our ocean, that will provide a healthy environment, so we can grow the kinds of foods our bodies need to be healthy.

and other non native species of tree’s, that’s invasive and causing great devastation to the landscapes on the  islands of Hawaii.   We are looking to utilize the federal funding as a kick start, a start on removing all of the mangroves and other non native tree’s and vegetation that took over the walls of the fishponds and wetlands, were the taro once grew.  This will help to provide jobs and build small businesses on Molokai for our economy on the island.  Mangroves are in our fishpond walls and coastline, blocking the access to the ocean.  Based on research, the mangroves is the biggest problem on the Hawaiian islands.   MA’ANA is looking to remove all mangroves and is working with people on building partnerships with organizations, in the removal of ALL mangroves on the islands.  We ask for your support, in helping us with this massive growth of mangroves, so we can eliminate the problems by using this as the solution.  Join us while we work diligently, creating a better tomorrow by providing the necessity, keeping our children and their children alive.  Nothing is successful unless there is full participation from all people..  Thank you